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Advanced Interventional Pain Management (AIPM) is a sub-specialty of pain management that focuses on the use of minimally invasive procedures to diagnose and treat various types of pain. These procedures are performed under fluoroscopy or ultrasound guidance, and often involve the use of needles, catheters, and other instruments to access and treat specific pain generators.
Some of the most common AIPM procedures include:
Epidural steroid injections - this procedure involves the injection of a steroid medication into the epidural space to reduce inflammation and relieve pain.
Facet joint injections - this procedure involves the injection of a steroid medication into the small joints between the vertebrae of the spine to reduce inflammation and relieve pain.
Radiofrequency ablation - this procedure involves the use of radiofrequency energy to heat and destroy nerve fibers that are transmitting pain signals.
Spinal cord stimulation - this procedure involves the implantation of a small device that sends electrical impulses to the spinal cord to block pain signals.
Sympathetic nerve blocks - this procedure involves the injection of a local anesthetic around the sympathetic nerves to relieve pain.
AIPM is typically performed by pain management specialists who have received advanced training in interventional pain management techniques. These specialists work closely with other healthcare providers to develop individualized treatment plans for patients with chronic pain conditions, such as back pain, neck pain, joint pain, and nerve pain.
AIPM procedures are generally safe and well-tolerated, and can provide significant pain relief for many patients. However, like any medical procedure, they do carry some risks and potential side effects, which should be carefully discussed with the patient prior to the procedure.
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